Navigating the Cyber Threat Landscape: Key takeaways from the ASD Cyber Threat Report

In an era defined by technological advancements, the digital landscape has become both the frontier of innovation and a battleground for cyber threats. As IT professionals, staying ahead of the curve is imperative to safeguard digital assets.

The Australian Signals Directorate's (ASD) Cyber Threat Report for 2022–23 offers crucial insights into the evolving threat landscape, providing a comprehensive guide for IT departments striving to enhance their cyber resilience.

The report outlines the pervasive nature of cybercrime, emphasising its exponential growth and its diverse range of illicit activities. From data theft and manipulation to extortion and the disruption of critical services, cybercrime poses a multibillion-dollar threat. The consequences are far-reaching, impacting not only financial aspects but also the well-being and security of individuals, businesses, and governments.

  • Underreported Cybercrime

A striking revelation from the report is the significant underreporting of cybercrime in Australia. Despite two-thirds of survey respondents admitting to being victims of cybercrime, the actual reported incidents remain disproportionately low. Companies tend to be reticent to report their breaches due to concerns over damages claims or regulatory action. As a result, the government has recently announced it will introduce safe harbour provisions when disclosing incidents. Under the new regime, to be co-designed with industry, businesses will face a no-fault, no-liability ransomware reporting obligation.

  • Financial Toll on Businesses

For medium to large businesses, the financial toll of cybercrime is substantial. The report discloses that over the last two financial years, the average self-reported cost of cybercrime to businesses increased by 14% annually. Small businesses, constituting the majority of the reports, faced an average cost of nearly $46,000 in the 2022–23 financial year.

  • Ransomware and Business Email Compromise

The report highlights the prevalence of ransomware-related incidents, particularly in sectors like professional, scientific, and technical services. The impact of business email compromise (BEC) is underscored, with an average financial loss of over $39,000 per incident. It urges organisations to remain vigilant, emphasising the importance of verifying financial requests and maintaining robust email security measures.

  • Data Breaches and their Ramifications

Data breaches, a growing concern, witnessed a notable increase, comprising 13% of all recorded incidents. The report delves into the various types of information stolen during breaches, with contact information being the most frequently compromised. As proven multiple times recently with high-profile organisations suffering data breaches, the aftermath extends way beyond financial losses, encompassing legal actions, reputational damage, and harm to individuals if their private information is misused.

To counteract the rising threat of data breaches, the report recommends implementing ASD's Essential Eight and adhering to the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top Ten Proactive Controls. Encryption is also identified as a key measure to protect stored and transmitted data, while a well-exercised cyber incident response plan is crucial for effective mitigation.

  • Securing the Digital Supply Chain

As ICT outsourcing becomes commonplace, the report sheds light on the risks associated with an expanded digital supply chain. IT departments are urged to manage and be accountable for cyber security risks, considering that an entity's security is only as strong as its weakest link. Mitigating these risks requires collaboration between customers and suppliers, emphasising secure-by-design and secure-by-default principles. 

Making sure your suppliers have the right processes in place is crucial to protection your organisation. Certifications such as ISO 17001 for example are a good way to ensure your suppliers and partners have taken the necessary steps to protect your data.

  • AI and Remote Work Challenges

Technology evolves at an increasing speed and trends such as the rise of AI in multiple lines of work and the ever-increasing prevalence of remote work call for a cautious approach.

While being a great productivity booster, AI is still in its infancy and should be used with caution while emphasising secure-by-design principles and accountability for potential misuse.

Additionally, with remote work becoming a staple, organisations are advised to scrutinise their cyber security measures, considering the potential risks associated with employees using personal devices and operating from public locations where privacy isn't guaranteed. 


In navigating the cyber threat landscape of 2022–23, IT departments play a pivotal role in fortifying the digital fortresses of their organisations. The ASD Cyber Threat Report serves as a valuable compass, offering actionable insights to bolster cyber resilience. As guardians of digital infrastructure, let us embrace these recommendations to secure our organisations and pave the way for a safer digital future. Contact us to learn more.